Solar Power Kits for Homes

Solar Power Kits for homes are a special category of solar power kits that are designed for the specific purpose of providing AC and DC power to a home. Solar Power kits for homes can range from the the smaller kits designed to power up a small cabin or RV to full size units that can power up a large single family home. The size and type of kit you decide will depend on how much power you need and if you need to be connected to the grid. The decision to be grid connected or off grid usually depends on location and your preference.Solar Power Kits for Homes

If you are out in the wilderness, you will not be able to get grid connectivity and you will need a solar power kit which has a battery bank. If you are planning to use the solar power kit in your home where you already have electricity, it might be a good idea to look at a solar power kit which has grid connectivity option. Such kits don’t require battery banks, in fact there will be no batteries, the grid will act like your battery storing power and providing back up power as and when you need it. Its important to know that such grid connected solar power kits for homes wont work when there is a power outage and the grid is down.

And if you are wondering, yes, all home solar systems that you see today with solar panels going up on roofs, they are all custom built solar power kits for homes with grid connectivity. Large companies like Solar City and local installers like Ampericon design, get permits and install these solar systems on your roof.  These custom designed solar power kits for homes are usually available with zero down payment and a monthly payment for solar generated electricity. The price of solar electricity is 30 to 40% lower than the utility charges. This is an attractive option if you are not a DIY person and also if you want a professionally installed solar system. The zero down and low monthly costs are attractive and worth looking into. This option is discussed in detail later in this article.

What are “solar power kits for home”?

The solar power kits for homes are a collection of solar panels, batteries, a charge controller and an inverter all working together to provide AC and DC power to a home. There are two types of solar power kits for homes. The off grid solar power kits for homes which are not connected to the grid/utility company and the second type are the grid connected solar power kits for homes.  Both the grid connected and off grid solar power kits for homes generate power using solar panels. These solar panels or solar modules in these kits captures the energy from the sun and convert that energy into electricity in the form of DC (direct current).

In the case of off grid solar power kits for homes , this power is used to charge a battery bank. Battery bank’s require to be charged in a manner that prevents over charging of the batteries and also prevents the batteries from being drained below a certain level. The charging of the battery bank is controlled by a charge controller. These batteries serve as the primary source of power for the home. The DC power from the batteries can be used directly on certain types of lights, communication equipment and all kinds of electronic gizmos like your smart phone, laptop, Gopro camera or tablet.

However, Household items like a refrigerators, regular lamps and lights and heaters require AC power. This is where the Inverter of the solar power kit comes into play. The inverter converts the DC power of the battery into constant usable AC power. Inverters are of two types – modified sine wave and pure sine wave inverters. The smaller solar power kits for homes may be paired with the modified sine wave inverters. Modified sine wave inverters work well with AC loads like lights and fans, but may not work well with electronic and audio equipment, either producing a hum or sometimes not even running on the output produced by this type of inverter. This is because the AC output is slightly distorted.  The pure sine wave inverters on the other hand produce pure AC output which is good for all AC devices.

SET UP of Solar Power Kits for Homes  – Please be very careful when you connect your solar panels to your charge controller and the charge controller to your battery bank and your battery bank to the inverter.  If you connect the positive and negative terminals incorrectly you will likely damage your solar panels as well as the charge controller and inverter. Be very careful and follow the kit manufacturers instructions. Here are some general guidelines.

  1. Start with the solar charge controller – connect its positive and negative output terminals to the positive and negative terminals of the battery bank using the AWG tray cable.
  2. Next step : Connect the inverter to the battery bank with care to match the positive and negative terminals. If your kit does not include an inverter, connect to the load i.e. the device or devicess you plan to charge using the batteries.
  3. Finally make sure the solar panels are covered or are not exposed to direct sunlight so that they are not generating power.  Now, connect the  MC4 Adaptor kit to the solar panels. Then carefully connect the positive and negative ends of the adaptor kit to the solar charger controller’s positive and negative input connection terminals.

In the case of grid connected solar panel kits for homes the Solar Panels are connected directly to the inverter. There are no batteries. The DC power from the solar panels goes to the inverter and is converted into AC current. The AC current is now fed into the main panel of the home. The solar panels act as a second source of AC power into your home. The primary source of power is the utility company. The solar panels produce power during the day when the sun is shining and this powers the home during the day. In fact solar panels will produce extra power during the day which is fed back into the grid.  In the case of grid connected solar systems, the electric meter is replaced by an new bi-directional electric meter which keeps track of how much power the solar system is giving back to the grid. The power that is given or banked with the grid is then available for use during the night or during cloudy days when the solar panels don’t make enough power for the home.

Off Grid Solar Power Kits for Homes 

Starting with the lowest solar powered kits for homes and going up to the power ladder.

Renogy 50 Watt 12 Volt Polycrystalline Solar Starter Kit

Solar Power Kits for Homes Renogy 50 Watt 12 Volt

WHAT can this power in your home ?

This Renogy starter solar kit comes with only 1 Renogy 50W Solar Module, a 10A PWM Charge Controller, a 20 feet 12AWG MC4 Adaptor Kit,  8 feet 12AWG Tray Cable, and a set of Z-brackets for mounting. Just the starter kit will not be enough; you will have to invest in one 12V car battery. A standard 12V 50 AH or higher AGM battery will do very nicely.

With the battery and single solar panels you now have a solar panel kit which will be able to provide a days power for the following items in your home :

1     5W LED lamps
1     Smart Phone
1     Tablet
1     Laptop

This off grid solar power kit for your home only produces DC current.  It produces enough power to keep the 12V battery fully charged every day after a full days use of the items mentioned above. This is the smallest possible solar panel kit for a home. It produces about 50W of power at 2.9 Amps.  This is enough to for a few cabin lights, a VHF radio and a GPS terminals. Perhaps a small DC fan as well.  Start your solar adventure with this Renogy Starter Kit.

Appliances Watts No Hrs/per day Power
LED Lamps 5 1 5 25 Wh
Smart Phones / Laptop / Tablet 100 Wh
TOTAL Power used in a day 125 Wh
No of Batteries Needed 1 12V, 50 AH Battery No of Panels needed 1 Panels

The list of appliances or devices is suggested  based on a daily power usage of 125 Wh. If you want to check out what else you could power using this kit, you can use the  off grid solar calculator.

Renogy 100 Watt 12 Volt Monocrystalline Solar Starter Kit

Solar Power Kits for Homes Renogy 100W

WHAT can this solar power kit for your home power  ?

This is Renogy’s next level starter solar kit. This one comes with a larger solar module a 100W Solar Module, a 30A PWM Wanderer Charge Controller, a 20 feet 12AWG MC4 Adaptor Kit,  8 feet 12AWG Tray Cable, and a set of Z-brackets for mounting.  Once again just the starter kit will not be enough; you will have to invest in two 12V car battery for this kit. Two standard 12V 50 AH or higher AGM battery will do very nicely or you could go for one 12V 100 AH AGM battery as well.

With the two batteries and the larger solar panels you now have a solar panel kit which will be able to provide a days power for the following items in your home :

3     5W LED lamps
1     Smart Phone
1     Tablet
1     Laptop
1     Small 50W Refrigerator

This off grid solar power kit for your home only produces DC current.  It produces enough power to keep both the 12V batteries fully charged every day after a full days use of the items mentioned above. This solar module will produce about 100W of power at 5 Amps.  With your batteries output you will have some extra power to add a few items to the basic lighting and communication devices in the home.

Appliances Watts No Hrs/per day Power
LED Lamps 5 3 5 75 Wh
Refrigerator (small) 50 1 8 400 Wh
Smart Phones / Laptop / Tablets 100 Wh
TOTAL Power used in a day 575 Wh
No of Batteries Needed 2 12V 50AH batteries No of Panels needed 1 Panels

The list of appliances or devices is suggested  based on a daily power usage of 575 Wh. If you want to check out what else you could power using this kit, you can use the  off grid solar calculator.

WindyNation 100 Watt Solar Panel Off-Grid RV Boat Kit

Solar Power Kits for Homes Windy Nation 100W

WHAT can this “solar power kits for homes”power  ?

The Windy Nation 100 Watt Solar Charging Kit is almost the same specifications as the Renogy 100W kit. This unit also comes with a larger 100 W solar module, a 30A Solar Charge Controller with LCD display, 40 feet 12AWG wires with MC4 connectors and mounting hardware.  Like the other smaller kits; you will need to buy either two 12V standard  50 AH car batteries or one 12V 100 AH AGM battery in addition to the kit.

Again this unit with the two batteries and the larger solar panels  will be able to provide a days power for the following items in your home :

3     5W LED lamps
1     Smart Phone
1     Tablet
1     Laptop
1     Small 50W Refrigerator

This off grid solar power kit only produces DC current.  It produces enough power to keep both the 12V batteries fully charged every day after a full days use of the items mentioned above. This solar module will produce about 100W of power at 5 Amps.  With your batteries output you will have some extra power to add a few items to the basic lighting and communication devices in the home.

Appliances Watts No Hrs/per day Power
LED Lamps 5 3 5 75 Wh
Refrigerator (small) 50 1 8 400 Wh
Smart Phones / Laptop / Tablets 100 Wh
TOTAL Power used in a day 575 Wh
No of Batteries Needed 2 12V 50AH batteries No of Panels needed 1 Panels

The list of appliances or devices is suggested  based on a daily power usage of 575 Wh. If you want to check out what else you could power using this kit, you can use the  off grid solar calculator.

Renogy 200 Watt 12 Volt Monocrystalline Solar Starter Kit with WandererSolar Power Kits for Homes Renogy 200 Watt 12 Volt

WHAT can this solar power kit for a home power ?

The Renogy 200 Watt Solar Charging Kit comes with two solar 100 W solar panels. The two larger 100 W solar modules require the 30A PWM Wanderer Solar Charge Controller. The other items in the kit are a 20ft 10AWG MC4 Adaptor Kit, an 8ft 10AWG Tray Cable, and a set of Z-brackets.  This kit is capable of producing more power and you will need to buy two 12V standard  100 AH car batteries and not the smaller 50AH variety of batteries.

This 200W unit with the two batteries and the two solar panels  will be able to provide a days power for the following items in your home :

7     15W LED lamps
2     Smart Phone
2     Tablet
2     Laptop
1     Small 50W Refrigerator

Once again this off grid solar power kit only produces DC current.  It produces enough power to keep both the 12V batteries fully charged every day after a full days use of the items mentioned above. This solar module will produce about 200W of power at 18.9V and  10.6 Amps of steady current in full sunlight.  With your batteries output you will have some enough power to run a small home comfortably.

You could even consider investing in a small inverter to convert the DC output of the solar panels into AC output for your home.  A good choice would be the modified sine wave ERAYAK 1000W Power Inverter which has  3 110V AC  outlets and two 3.1A USB outlets. This unit can be directly connected to your  battery.  And now you are ready to run more powerful AC equipment like power tools, kitchen appliances, TVs, radio, computer, blender etc.

Appliances Watts No Hrs/per day Power
LED Lamps 15 7 5 525 Wh
Refrigerator (small) 50 1 8 400 Wh
Smart Phones / Laptop / Tablets 250 Wh
TOTAL Power used in a day 1175 Wh
No of Batteries Needed 2 12V, 100 AH Batteries No of Panels needed 2 (included in kit) Panels

The list of appliances or devices is suggested  based on a daily power usage of 1175 Wh. If you want to check out what else you could power using this kit, you can use the  off grid solar calculator.

Renogy 400 Watt 12 Volt Monocrystalline Solar Starter Kit with Wanderer

Solar Power Kits for Homes Renogy 400 Watt

WHAT can this “solar power kits for homes”power in your home ?

With its four 100W solar modules, this solar panel kit can be considered  to be the first  solar panel kit to take a small  home completely off grid.   The kits with less power are really for emergency back up use or as starter kits for an RV or small cabin not for a proper home.  The Renogy 400 Watt Solar Charging Kit has a 30A PWM Wanderer Solar Charge Controller. The other items in the kit are a 20ft 10AWG MC4 Adaptor Kit, an 8ft 10AWG Tray Cable, and a set of Z-brackets.  This kit is capable of producing more power and you will need to buy four 12V standard  100 AH car batteries and not the smaller 50AH variety of batteries.

This 400W unit with the four batteries and the four solar panels  will be able to provide a days power for the following items in your home :

7     15W LED lamps
2     Smart Phone
2     Tablet
2     Laptop
1     Regular 200W Refrigerator

Once again this off grid solar power kit only produces DC current.  It produces enough power to keep all 4 12V batteries fully charged every day after a full days use of the items mentioned above. This solar module will produce about 400W of max power at 18.9V and  21.2 Amps of steady current in full sunlight.  With your batteries output you will have some enough power to run a small home comfortably.

As a solar panel kit with significant output, an inverter is mandatory. Only then would you be able to take advantage of the enhanced output. In the “what will it power?” section we have added the refrigerator which is likely to run on AC, hence the inverter is certainly desirable with this solar panel kit.  In the previous kit we covered the modified sine wave ERAYAK 1000W Power Inverter. For this kit we would suggest the pure Sine Wave Inverter the MicroSolar – 12V 2000W (Peak 4000W) Inverter.

This unit connects to your battery bank and in addition to the refrigerator you can even run other AC equipment like power tools, kitchen appliances, TVs, radio, computer, blender etc. Make sure you run the AC appliances singly or if you have two running at a time, their power requirement should not exceed the steady wattage output of the solar panel kit.

Appliances Watts No Hrs/per day Power
LED Lamps 15 7 5 525 Wh
Refrigerator (regular) 200 1 8 1600 Wh
Smart Phones / Laptop / Tablets 250 Wh
TOTAL Power used in a day 2375 Wh
No of Batteries Needed 4 12V, 100 AH Batteries No of Panels needed (included in kit) Panels

The list of appliances or devices is suggested  based on a daily power usage of 2375 Wh. If you want to check out what else you could power using this kit, you can use the  off grid solar calculator.

WindyNation Complete 400 Watt Solar Panel Kit with 1500 Watt VertaMax Power Inverter

Solar Power Kits for Homes WindyNation Complete 400 Watt

WHAT can this power in your home ?

This Windy Nation 400W kit with four 100W solar modules is equivalent to the Renogy 400W kit with one big difference. The Windy Nation kit has the inverter as part of the kit.  This is definitely a plus as the inverter is matched to the solar panel kit and you are ready to produce both DC and AC output from the get go.

This kit comes with four 100 Watt Polycrystalline Solar Panels. The VertaMax inverter generates 1500W of power at 120V  AC.  The output is not pure sine wave AC and may not 1500W VertaMax 12VDC to 120AC Modified Sine Wave Power Inverter with inverter cables , 30-Amp P30L Solar Charge Controller, 40 ft of UL Listed 12 AWG Solar Cable, all necessary MC4 Connectors for wiring, and all the necessary mounting hardware. This kit is capable of producing more power and you will need to buy four 12V standard  100 AH car batteries and not the smaller 50AH variety of batteries.

This 400W unit with the four batteries and the four solar panels  will be able to provide a days power for the following items in your home :

7     15W LED lamps
2     Smart Phone
2     Tablet
2     Laptop
1     Regular 200W Refrigerator

Its 4 panels are able to generate an average  of 1600 Watt Hours (Wh) or 135 Amp hours of charge per day under good conditions of sunlight.  Its able to provide surge wattage of about 3000 W. With your batteries output you will have some enough power not only to run your boat, RV but even a small home quite comfortably.

For this kit we would suggest the pure Sine Wave Inverter the MicroSolar – 12V 2000W (Peak 4000W) Inverter.

This unit connects to your battery bank and in addition to the refrigerator you can even run other AC equipment like power tools, kitchen appliances, TVs, radio, computer, blender etc. Make sure you run the AC appliances singly or if you have two running at a time, their power requirement should not exceed the steady wattage output of the solar panel kit.

Appliances Watts No Hrs/per day Power
LED Lamps 15 7 5 525 Wh
Refrigerator (regular) 200 1 8 1600 Wh
Smart Phones / Laptop / Tablets 250 Wh
TOTAL Power used in a day 2375 Wh
No of Batteries Needed 4 12V, 100 AH Batteries No of Panels needed (included in kit) Panels

The list of appliances or devices is suggested  based on a daily power usage of 2375 Wh. If you want to check out what else you could power using this kit, you can use the  off grid solar calculator.

Eco-Worthy 1000W Off Grid Solar Panel Kit

Solar Power Kits for Homes Eco-Worthy 1000W off grid

WHAT can  power in your home ?

The EcoWorthy 1000 W solar panel kit is a full sized solar panel kit that is good to power a small home and keep it off grid. The kit comes with 6 large solar panels, each with a size of  approximately 57 by 26 inches. The individual solar panels or solar modules are rated at 160 W each and can produce about 4.5 Kwh daily under good conditions of sunlight.  You will have to have the panels installed on the roof of your home or cabin. Another option is to have them installed on the ground but that requires additional materials and will need professional oversight.

This kit is capable of producing serious power and you will need to buy five 24V standard  100 AH AGM batteries. It can handle lighting, fan cooling and even heating for a small home. This 1000W with its six 160W solar panels will be able to provide a days power for the following items in your home :


8     25W LED lamps
2     Smart Phone
2     Tablet
2     Laptop
1     Regular 200W Refrigerator
1     1200W Heater

This is a higher powered solar panel kit and it requires a larger inverter. Solar power kits for homes with high power need a more power full inverter. Our suggested inverter is the Solar Epic 1000W grid tied inverter which produces pure sine wave output.

This unit connects to your battery bank and in addition to the refrigerator you can even run other AC equipment like power tools, kitchen appliances, TVs, radio, computer, blender etc. With its high power output you should be able to simultaneously run most of your appliances.

Appliances Watts No Hrs/per day Power
LED Lamps 25 8 5 1000 Wh
Refrigerator (regular) 200 1 8 1600 Wh
Heater 1000 1 3 3000 Wh
Smart Phones / Laptop / Tablets 250 Wh
TOTAL Power used in a day 5850 Wh
No of Batteries Needed 5 24V, 100 AH Batteries No of Panels needed (included in kit) Panels

 

It is important to follow the  correct connection order: FIRST connect your 24 volts battery pack (not part of this kit – you will have to buy them separately) to the 45A charge controller, then connect controller to load (if there is no load, go on to the next step), lastly connect controller to the solar panels or the PV (Solar) array.

Make sure you connect the The 45A charge controller correctly. It has 3 pairs of 2 terminals: Solar, Battery and Load. The battery connects to the Battery terminals, the DC loads to the Load terminals, and Solar Panels array to the Solar terminals.

The list of appliances or devices is suggested  based on a daily power usage of 2375 Wh. If you want to check out what else you could power using this kit, you can use the  off grid solar calculator.

Grid Connected Solar Power Kits for Homes 

Now for the solar power kits for homes which are directly grid connected. Grid connected solar panel kits are much larger and have no battery banks as part of the kit.  Standard off the shelf grid tied kits are not commonly available. You will have to work with a local solar installer to get a grid tied kit. To get these solar panel kits operational, you will need to interconnect to the grid and also obtain necessary town permits. Finally the solar panel will be inspected and passed by state and town inspectors.

Eco-Worthy 1200W Grid Tie Monocrystalline Solar Panel Kit

Solar Power Kits for Homes Eco-Worthy 1200W
This is Eco-Worthy’s large 1200 Watt kit. Unlike all the kits described till now – this one is GRID TIED. The kit comes with 8 large solar panels, each with a size of  approximately 57 by 26 inches. The individual solar panels or solar modules are rated at 160 W each and can produce about 6 Kwh daily under good conditions of sunlight.  You will have to have the panels installed on the roof of your home or cabin. Another option is to have them installed on the ground but that requires additional materials and will need professional oversight.

The panels come with a 25 year transferable power output warranty. They are rated to produce 95% output in the firt 5 years, 90% in years 5 to 10 and 80% by the 25th year. Each solar panel comes with 1 pair of 35 inches cables with MC4 Male/Female connectors for quickly setting up.

The kit also includes a central inverter rated at 1200W which converts the 24V DC output of the panels to 110V AC. This MPPT Function Waterproof Grid-Tie Micro Power Inverter protects the system from overload, low voltage, over voltage, over current, reverse polarity and generates pure sine wave output.

IMPORTANT : Most Solar Power Kits for Homes are not grid tied – eThis solar powered kit is  grid-tied unit.  You will need to be connected to the grid for this solar panel kit to work. In most towns in the United States you would need to get a permit from the township as well as a permission to operate from your utility company.  A professional electrician with solar experience might be your best bet to have this installed and permitted.

There is a lot more you can do with solar. Check out these articles. Thank you for visiting mysolarhome.us.

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